Pakistan’s Federal Ministry of Health established National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) in 1987. In its early stages, the program focused on laboratory diagnosis of suspected HIV cases, but progressively it began to shift its focus towards HIV prevention and control interventions. The development of NSF‐one in 2001 provided strategic vision to the national response and government of Pakistan with support from World Bank launched an enhanced response in the form of Enhanced HIV and AIDS Control Programme (EHACP).
Presently NACP and its provincial counterparts (PACPs) are implementing the programme throughout the country. The principal components of the EHACP are the interventions for target groups, HIV prevention for general public, prevention of HIV transmission through blood and blood products, capacity building and programme management. In addition, the NACP with Canadian support has established HIV and AIDS Second Generation Surveillance System (SGS) to track HIV epidemic in Pakistan.